Photo gallery
Taxa list


The database is hosted by Kiel University
and is established by Magda Wieckowska-
Lüth, Wiebke Kirleis and Kay Schmütz,
Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology.

© Wieckowska-Lüth/Kirleis/Schmütz 2020

Type: UG-1253

Category: Pteridophyta

Taxonomical identification: Polypodiaceae

First publication: Gelorini, V., Verbeken, A., van Geel, B., Cocqyt, C. and Vershuren, D. (2011) Modern non-pollen palynomorphs from East African lake sediments. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 164, 143–173

Other publication/s: Verdcourt, B. (2001) Polypodiaceae. In: Beentje, H.J., Smith, S.A.L. (eds.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam-Brookfield

Description: Spores bean-shaped, brown, 54–92 × 23–55 μm, surface covered with large and undulating, solid wart-like projections.

(Sub-) Fossil occurence: No information

Co-occurence: No information

Modern occurence: Polypodiaceae are widely distributed throughout the world, with highest species diversity in tropical and subtropical regions. However, in Africa only 11 genera (Belvisia, Drynaria, Loxogramme, Lepisorus, Microgramma, Microsorum, Phytomatosorus, Platecyrium, Pleopeltis, Polypodium, and Pyrrosia) are encountered, of which most species occur in forested areas, such as mixed evergreen forest, riverine forest, rainforest, gallery forest and woodland (Verdcourt, 2001).

Palaeoenvironmental indication: No information