Photo gallery
Taxa list


The database is hosted by Kiel University
and is established by Magda Wieckowska-
Lüth, Wiebke Kirleis and Kay Schmütz,
Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology.

© Wieckowska-Lüth/Kirleis/Schmütz 2020

Type: UG-1242

Category: Pteridophyta

Taxonomical identification: Dryopteris subg. Dryopteris

First publication: Gelorini, V., Verbeken, A., van Geel, B., Cocqyt, C. and Vershuren, D. (2011) Modern non-pollen palynomorphs from East African lake sediments. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 164, 143–173

Other publication/s:
Burrows, J.E. (1990) Southern African Ferns & Fern Allies. Frandsen Publishers, Sandton
Tryon, A.F. and Lugardon, B. (1990) Spores of the Pteridophyta. Surface, wall structure, and diversity based on Electron Microscope Studies. Springer-Verlag, New York

Description: Spores bean-shaped, yellow, 40–45 × 15–18 μm, smooth, covered with perisporium forming curving and twisting subhyaline ridges and sacci (winglike compressed inflated folds). Most African taxa, such as Dryopteris kilemensis (Kuhn) Kuntze, Dryopteris inaequalis (Schltdl.) Kuntze and Dryopteris pentheri (Krasser) C. Chr., have a smooth perine surface and typically inflated sacci with superficial ridges (Tryon and Lugardon, 1990).

(Sub-) Fossil occurence: No information

Co-occurence: No information

Modern occurence: Dryopteris is distributed nearly worldwide in both temperate and tropical regions. Dryopteris species are mainly found in shaded habitat along forest margins and streams in evergreen forest (Burrows, 1990).

Palaeoenvironmental indication: No information