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The database is hosted by Kiel University
and is established by Magda Wieckowska-
Lüth, Wiebke Kirleis and Kay Schmütz,
Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology.

© Wieckowska-Lüth/Kirleis/Schmütz 2020

BotryococcusType: HdV-901

Category: Algae

Sub-category: Green algae

Taxonomical identification: Botryococcus

First publication: Kuhry, P. (1997) The palaeoecology of a treed bog in western boreal Canada: a study based on microfossils, macrofossils and physico-chemical properties. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 96, 183–224

Other publication/s:
Reynolds, C.S. (1984) The ecology of freshwater phytoplankton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Guy-Ohlson, D. (1992) Botryococcus as an aid in the interpretation of palaeoenvironment and depositional processes. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 71, 1–15
Miola, A., Bondesan, A., Corain, L., Favaretto, S., Mozzi, P., Piovan, S. and Sostizzo, I. (2006) Wetlands in the Venetian Po Plain (northeastern Italy) during the Last Glacial Maximum: Interplay between vegetation, hydrology and sedimentary environment. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 141, 83–102
Reynolds, C.S. (2006) The Ecology of Phytoplankton. New York: Cambridge University Press
van Geel, B. (2001) Non-Pollen Palynomorphs. In: J.P. Smol, Birks, H.J B. and Last W.M. (eds.) Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow: Kluwer Academic Publishers (Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research, Volume 3: Terrestrial, Algal, and Siliceous Indicators), pp. 99–119

Description: Colony

(Sub-) Fossil occurence: No information

Co-occurence: No information

Modern occurence: Botryococcus lives in shallow clear epilimnia (Reynolds 2006), where it may form a thick surface scum (van Geel 2001) during periods of high insolation (Reynolds, 1984). That green alga is also known as an early colonizer, easily adapting to the aquatic habitats in which it grows (Guy-Ohlson, 1992), because it is able to tolerate low nutrient concentrations, silicon exhaustion as well as low-alkalinity (Reynolds, 2006).

Palaeoenvironmental indication: Eutrophic to mesotrophic conditions / Open water