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The database is hosted by Kiel University
and is established by Magda Wieckowska-
Lüth, Wiebke Kirleis and Kay Schmütz,
Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology.

© Wieckowska-Lüth/Kirleis/Schmütz 2020

Trichuris sp.Type: HdV-531

Category: Helminths

Sub-category: Nematoda

Taxonomical identification: Trichuris sp.

First publication: van Geel, B., Bos, J.M. and Pals, J.P. (1983) Archaeological and palaeoecological aspects of a medieval house terp in a reclaimed raised bog area in North Holland. Berichten van de Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek 33, 419–444

Other publication/s:
Fernandes, A., Ferreira, L.F., Carvalho Gonçalves, M.L., Bouchet, F., Klein, C.H., Iguchi, T. Sianto, L. and Araujo, A. (2005) Intestinal parasite analysis in organic sediments collected from a 16th-century Belgian archeological site. Cad. Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro, 21(1), 329–332
Le Bailly, M., Leuzinger, U., Schlichtherle, H. and Bouchet, F. (2007) « Crise économique » au Néolithique á la transition Pfӱn-Horgen (3400 BC): contribution de la paléoparasitologie. Anthropozoologica 42, 175–185
Bosi, G., Bandini Mazzanti, M., Florenzano, A., Massamba N’siala, I., Pederzoli, A., Rinaldi, R., Torri, P. and Mercuri, A.M. (2011) Seeds/fruits, pollen and parasite remains as evidence of site function: piazza Garibaldi – Parma (N Italy) in Roman and Mediaeval times. Journal of Archaeological Science 38, 1621–1633
Brinkkemper, O. and van Haaster, H. (2012) Eggs of intestinal parasites whipworm (Trichuris) and mawworm (Ascaris): Non-pollen palynomorphs in archaeological samples. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 186, 16–21
Florenzano, A., Mercuri, A.M., Pederzoli, A., Torri, P., Bosi, G., Olmi, L., Rinaldi, R., Bandini Mazzanti, M. (2012): The Significance of Intestinal Parasite Remains in Pollen Samples from Medieval Pits in the Piazza Garibaldi of Parma, Emilia Romagna, Northern Italy. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 27, 34–47
Le Bailly, M., Landolt, M., Mauchamp, L. and Dufour, B. (2014) Intestinal Parasites in First World War German Soldiers from ‘‘Kilianstollen’’, Carspach, France. PLoS ONE 9(10): e109543
Le Bailly, M. and Araújo, A. (2016) Past Intestinal Parasites. Microbiol Spectrum 4(4), PoH-0013-2015
Maicher, C., Hoffmann, A., Côté, N.M.L., Palomo Pérez, A.P., Saña Segui, M. and Le Bailly, M. (2017) Paleoparasitological investigations on the Neolithic lakeside settlement of La Draga (Lake Banyoles, Spain). The Holocene 27(11), 1659–1668

Description: Chitinous egg cuticles, ca. 45 µm.

(Sub-) Fossil occurence: In samples from archaeological sites.

Co-occurence: No information

Modern occurence: The whipworm genus Trichuris includes several species such as Trichuris trichiura (human parasite) and Trichuris suis (pig parasite) that infect the large intestine of their host. Eggs are deposited from host feces to soil where they become embryonated and enter the “infective” stage. Infection occurs through accidental ingestion of eggs (Florenzano et al. 2012).

Palaeoenvironmental indication: No information