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The database is hosted by Kiel University
and is established by Magda Wieckowska-
Lüth, Wiebke Kirleis and Kay Schmütz,
Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology.

© Wieckowska-Lüth/Kirleis/Schmütz 2020

HdV-44Type: HdV-44

Category: Fungi

Taxonomical identification: Ustulina deusta

Synonym: Kretzschmaria deusta

Similar: HdV-117

First publication: van Geel, B. (1978) A palaeoecological study of Holocene peat bog sections in Germany and the Netherlands, based on the analysis of pollen, spores and macro- and microscopic remains of fungi, algae cormophytes and anymals. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 25, 1–120

Other publication/s:
van Geel, B., Bohncke, S.J.P. and Dee, H. (1981) A palaecological study of an upper Late Glacial and Holocene sequence from 'De Borchert', The Netherlands. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 31, 367–448
van der Wiel, A.M. (1982) A palaecological study of a section from the foot of the Hazendonk (Zuid-Holland), based on the analysis of pollen, spores and macroscopic remains. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 38, 35–90
Ellis, M.B. and Ellis, J.P. (1985) Microfungi on Land Plants. An identification handbook. London: Croom Helm Ldt.
van Geel, B., Klink, A.G., Pals, J.P. and Wiegers, J. (1986) An Upper Eemian lake deposit from Twente, eastern Netherlands. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 47, 31–61
van Geel, B. and Aptroot, A. (2006) Fossil ascomycetes in Quaternary deposits. Nova Hedwigia 82, 313–329
Prager, A., Barthelmes, A., Theuerkauf, M. and Joosten, H. (2006) Non-pollen palynomorphs from modern Alder carrs and their potential for interpreting microfossil data from peat. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 141, 7–31

Description: Ascospores about 35 × 8 µm, fusiform, dark brown, non-septate, wall thickened at the ends, one side flattened and bearing a longitudinal germ slit.

(Sub-) Fossil occurence: In birch carr deposits.

Co-occurence: No information

Modern occurence: Plant patogen causing soft-rot of living wood and contributing to dacay after the host tree death; Occurs on a variety of tree taxa such as Fagus, Alnus, Betula, Carpinus, Castanea, Fraxinus, Populus, Quercus, Salix, Taxus, Tilia and Ulmus.

Palaeoenvironmental indication: Presence of host trees or dead wood in the immediate vicinity; More common during swampy conditions.