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The database is hosted by Kiel University
and is established by Magda Wieckowska-
Lüth, Wiebke Kirleis and Kay Schmütz,
Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology.

© Wieckowska-Lüth/Kirleis/Schmütz 2020

Type: HdV-126

Category: Fungi

Taxonomical identification: Gaeumannomyces / G. cf. caricis / Clasterosporium caricinum hyphopodia

Similar: T-15

First publication: Pals, J.P., van Geel, B. and Delfos, A. (1980) Palaeoecological studies in the Klokkeweel bog near Hoogkarspel (prov of Noord-Holland). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 30, 371–418

Other publication/s:
van der Wiel, A.M. (1982) A palaecological study of a section from the foot of the Hazendonk (Zuid-Holland), based on the analysis of pollen, spores and macroscopic remains. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 38, 35–90
Bakker, R. and van Smeerdijk, D.G. (1982) A palaecological study of a Late Holocene section from 'Het Ilperweld', W. Netherlands. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 36, 95–163
van Geel, B., Hallewas, D.P. and Pals, J.P. (1983) A Late Holocene deposit under the Westfriese Zeedijknear Enkhuizen (Prov of Noord-Holland, The Netherlands): palaeoecological and archaeological aspects. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynolynology 38, 269–335
van Geel, B., Coope, G.R. and van der Hammen, T. (1989) Palaeoecology and stratigraphy of the Late-glacial type section at Usselo (The Netherlands). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 60, 25–129
Kuhry, P. (1988) A palaeobotanical and palynological study of Holocene peat from the El Bosque mire. Located in a volcanic area of the Cordillera central of Colombia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 55, 19–72
Kuhry, P. (1997) The palaeoecology ot a treed bog in western boreal Canada: a study based on microfossils, macrofossils and physico-chemical properties. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 96, 183–224
Carrión, J.S. and Navarro, C. (2002) Cryptogam spores and other non-pollen microfossils as sources of palaeoecological information: case studies from Spains. Annales Botanici Fennici 39, 1–14
van Geel, B. and Aptroot, A. (2006) Fossil ascomycetes in Quaternary deposits. Nova Hedwigia 82, 313–329
Prager, A., Barthelmes, A., Theuerkauf, M. and Joosten, H. (2006) Non-pollen palynomorphs from modern Alder carrs and their potential for interpreting microfossil data from peat. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 141, 7–31

Description: Mycelium dark brown, septate, branched; Hyphopodia borne on side branches, 10–25 µm long; Hyphopodia darkbrown, roughly circular to oval or irregular in outline, always with blunt lobes; (1.5–) about 5 µm wide, greatest diameter (12–) 20–26 (–39) µm / 26–22 µm in diameter; A prominent clear spot 1.8–2.8 µm in diameter in the central area representing the point of host penetration.

(Sub-) Fossil occurence: No information

Co-occurence: in parallel to Cyperaceae maxima

Modern occurence: No information

Palaeoenvironmental indication: Hosting plants (Carex species)