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The database is hosted by Kiel University
and is established by Magda Wieckowska-
Lüth, Wiebke Kirleis and Kay Schmütz,
Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology.

© Wieckowska-Lüth/Kirleis/Schmütz 2020

HdV-113HdV-113Type: HdV-113

Category: Fungi

Taxonomical identification: Sporormiella-type / Sporormiella sp.

First publication: van Geel, B., Buurman, J., Brinkkemper, O., Schelvis, J., Aptroot, A,. van Reenen, G. and Hakbijl, T. (2003) Environmental reconstruction of a Roman Period settlement site in Uitgeest (The Netherlands), with special reference to coprophilous fungi. Journal of Archaeological Science 30, 873–883

Other publication/s:
Ahmed, S.I. and Cain, R.F. (1972) Revision of the genera Sporormia and Sporormiella, Canadian Journal of Botany 50, 419–477
Burney, D.A., Robinson, G.S. and Pigot Burney, L. (2003) Sporormiella and the late Holocene extinctions in Madagascar. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100, 10800–10805
Comandini, O. and Rinaldi, A. (2004) Tracing megafaunal extinctions with dung fungal spores. Mycologist 18, 140–142
van Geel, B. and Aptroot, A. (2006) Fossil ascomycetes in Quaternary deposits. Nova Hedwigia 82, 313–329
van Geel, B., Zazula, G.D. and Schweger, C.E. (2007) Spores of coprophilous fungi from under the Dawson tephra (25,300 14C years BP), Yukon Territory, northwestern Canada. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 22, 337–344
Medeanic, S. and Bagadin Silva, M. (2010) Indicative value of non-pollen palynomorphs (NPPs) and palynofacies for palaeoreconstructions: Holocene Peat, Brazil. International Journal of Coal Geology 84, 248–257
van Geel, B., Gelorini, V., Lyaruu, A., Aptroot, A., Rucina, S., Marchant, R., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. and Verschuren, D. (2011) Diversity and ecology of tropical African fungal spores from a 25,000-year palaeoenvironmental record in southeastern Kenya. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 164, 174–190

Description: Sporormiella species are three- to multi-septate, of variable size, smooth and dark brown; The septa are transverse to oblique, every cell showing an elongated germ slit, extending the entire length of the cell; The ascospores easily split up in separate cells, consequently in the fossil state usually no complete ascospores are found; Species identification of Sporormiella-type is not possible because fruit bodies, asci and complete ascospores are not available (Ahmed and Cain, 1972); The representatives of the related genus Sporormia are without germ slits, but as the descriptions of Ahmed and Cain (1972) are based on non-germinated spores, a slit may appear after germination of Sporormia-spores, and therefore we cannot exclude that also Sporormia is among our fossil spores.

(Sub-) Fossil occurence: Fossil spores are considered to be a reliable proxy for large herbivore populations occurring near the site of recovery (Burney et al., 2003).

Co-occurence: No information

Modern occurence: Both Sporormia and Sporormiella are coprophilous fungi, often associated with the dung of large herbivores (Comandini and Rinaldi, 2004).

Palaeoenvironmental indication: Presence for large herbivore populations occurring near the sample site