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The database is hosted by Kiel University
and is established by Magda Wieckowska-
Lüth, Wiebke Kirleis and Kay Schmütz,
Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology.

© Wieckowska-Lüth/Kirleis/Schmütz 2020

Type: HdV-1013

Category: Fungi

Taxonomical identification: Cercophora-type

First publication: van Geel, B., Gelorini, V., Lyaruu, A., Aptroot, A., Rucina, S., Marchant, R., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. and Verschuren, D. (2011) Diversity and ecology of tropical African fungal spores from a 25,000-year palaeoenvironmental record in southeastern Kenya. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 164, 174–190

Other publication/s:
Lundqvist, N. (1972) Nordic Sordariaceae s. lat. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 20, 1–37
Buurman, J., van Geel, B. and van Reenen, G.B.A. (1995) Palaeoecological investigations of a Late Bronze Age watering-place at Bovenkarspel, The Netherlands. In: Herngreen G.F.W. and van der Valk, L. (eds), Neogene and Quaternary geology of North-West Europe. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst 52. Haarlem: Rijks Geologische Dienst, pp. 249–270
van Geel, B., Bohncke, S.J.P. and Dee, H. (1981) A palaeoecological study of an upper Late Glacial and Holocene sequence from ‘De Borchert’, The Netherlands. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 31, 367–448
van Geel, B., Bos, J.M. and Pals, J.P. (1983) Archaeological and palaeoecological aspects of a medieval house terp in a reclaimed raised bog area in North Holland. Berichten van de Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek 33, 419–444
van Geel, B., Buurman, J., Brinkkemper, O., Schelvis, J., Aptroot, A., van Reenen, G.B.A. and Hakbijl, T. (2003) Environmental reconstruction of a Roman Period settlement site in Uitgeest (The Netherlands), with special reference to coprophilous fungi. Journal of Archaeological Science 30, 873–883

Description: Ascospores with truncate base (in some cases the hyaline pedicel is partly preserved) and conical apex with pore, ca. 20–25 × 12 μm (excl. pedicel).

(Sub-) Fossil occurence: The fossil record of similar ascospores (HdV-112) in European sites in relation to independent archaeological information (Buurman et al., 1995; van Geel et al., 1981, 1983a, 2003) indicates that Cercophora-type spores often can be used as an indication for animal dung in the vicinity of the sample site.

Co-occurence: No information

Modern occurence: Cercophora species are Ascomycetes known from woody substrates, herbaceous stems and leaves and dung (Lundqvist, 1972).

Palaeoenvironmental indication: Indication for animal dung in the vicinity of the sample site / Presence of decaying organic matter